The information’s were compared with those available in different literature source  7, 8, 9, 10. and I.C. Privacy 10.1016/S0378-8741(02)00261-1, Ghorbani A: Studies on pharmaceutical ethnobotany in the region of Turkmen Sahra, north of Iran (Part 1): general results. purple mallow - ஒட்டத்தி . 10.1016/S0367-326X(02)00285-X, CAS  Kandaswami kandar’s College, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, and India. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-2-43, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-2-43. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2004, 94: 261-266. Preference for their use may be related to their availability. Family: Gentianaceae: 3. This present investigation was an attempt to an ethno botanical survey which was carried out by the local practitioners of Coimbatore district in Tamil Nadu. Promotion of ex-situ and in-situ cultivation and conservation of medicinal plants in Tamil Nadu. TABLE  1: LIST OF PLANTS AND MEDICINAL USES OF THEIR LEAVES. The Rapinat Herbarium, St Joseph's College, Tiruchirapalli, India;; 1983. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Ethno-botanical study on Kolli hills were resulted with 58 species of medicinal plants belonging to 32 families with their medicinal uses (Table 1). The useful plants of India, CSIR, New Delhi 1986. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 2004, 3: 299-304. INTRODUCTION:Plants have been used in traditional medicine for several thousand years 1. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2006, 103: 109-119. https://www.youtube.com/c/SocietyofPharmaceuticalSciencesandResearch. Ramachandran VS, Nair NC: Ethnobotanical observations on Irulars of Tamil Nadu, India. Ganesan S, Suresh N, Kesavan L: Ethnomedicinal survey of lower Palni Hills of Tamil Nadu. Recently Ignacimuthu et al [37] reported that Ceropegia candelabrum, Pergularia daemia and Vitex negundo were used by tribals for the treatment of headache. Rajan S, Sethuraman M, Mukherjee PK: Ethnobiology of the Nilgiri Hills, India. in Tamil language | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Identification, Investigation and quantification of medicinal plants. 1. It strengthens the adrenal glands and cleanses the blood to treat skin impurities. There are considerable economic benefits in the development of indigenous medicines and in the use of medicinal plants for the treatment of various diseases [8]. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2003, 84: 37-40. and  B.D. So far no systematic ethnobotanical survey has been made in this area and this is the first report on the medicinal plants used by the local traditional healers. A vast knowledge of how to use the plants against different illnesses may be expected to have accumulated in areas where the use of plants is still of great importance [10]. Leaf paste is applied   to treat cuts and wounds. 10.1016/j.toxicon.2005.04.010, PubMed  Even though medicines in allopathic systems are available for the above diseases they cause so many side effects. 1. Chopra. This is an alphabetical list of plants used in herbalism. Habit and Habitat: An erect herb, found in temperate Himalayas between 1300-3000 m. from Kashmir to Bhutan and Khasia hills. A total of 50 species of plants used by the local tribes of Kalavai are … © 2021 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. 4. Standard method was followed with regard to collection of plant materials, drying, mounting, preparation and preservation of plant specimens [29]. Chhetri DR, Parajuli P, Subba GC: Antidiabetic plants used by Sikkim and Darjeeling Himalayan tribes, India. volume 2, Article number: 43 (2006) Busia K: Medical provision in Africa – Past and present. The Rapinet Herbarium, St. Joseph College, Vol.1-3. Field study was carried out for a period of one year in (tk), located in Thiruvarur district of Tamil Nadu. Due to lack of interest among the younger generation as well as their tendency to migrate to cities for lucrative jobs, wealth of knowledge in this the area is declining. Annamalai R: Tamil Nadu biodiversity strategy and action plan – Forest Biodiversity. The leaf is used to tie the breast to increase secretion of milk in women. 4. Moreover a single plant is used for more than one disease. Correspondence to They were requested to collect specimens of the plants they knew or to show the plant species on site. Leaf paste are also applied for bleeding piles . Leaf paste used for curing skin diseases. Traditional uses of medicinal plants among the rural people in Sivagangai district of Tamil Nadu, Southern India @article{Shanmugam2012TraditionalUO, title={Traditional uses of medicinal plants among the rural people in Sivagangai district of Tamil Nadu, Southern India}, author={S. Shanmugam and K. Rajendran … According to world health organization, 80% of people in developing countries still depend on local medicinal plants to fulfill their primary health needs 2. The aim of the present study is to identify plants collected for medicinal purposes by the traditional healers of Kudavasal taluk located in Thiruvarur district of Tamil Nadu, India and to document prepare and use the traditional names of these plants. Article  In this study the most dominant family was Euphorbiaceae and leaves were most frequently used for the treatment of diseases. PubMed Google Scholar. Chopra , R.N., Nayer, S.l. Planta Medica 2004, 70: 293-298. Medicinal Plants of Tamil Nadu 1. It accounts for nearly one-third of the total flora of India. Leaf juice is taken orally to treat cough and cold. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2006, 104: 68-78. Leaf Juice is used for headache and wound. Anisomeles malabarica is a medicinal plant that has been used as a folkloric medicine to treat amentia, anorexia, fevers, swelling and rheumatism. Of the total forest area of Tamil Nadu, 3305 km2 are under protected area (15%) which includes, 8 Wildlife sanctuaries, 12 Bird sanctuaries, 5 National parks, 3 Biosphere reserves and one Tiger reserve [26]. 2011 Sep 1;137(1):523-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2011.06.003. By using this website, you agree to our It is evident from the interviews conducted in different villages, knowledge of medicinal plants is limited to traditional healers, herbalists and elderly persons who are living in rural areas. Kancheepuram district in north Tamil Nadu (Fig. Medicinal Plants Diversity and their Folklore Uses by the Tribes of Nilgiri Hills, Tamil Nadu, India @inproceedings{Logesh2017MedicinalPD, title={Medicinal Plants Diversity and their Folklore Uses by the Tribes of Nilgiri Hills, Tamil Nadu, India}, author={R. Logesh}, year={2017} } Leaf grind with buttermilk and taken orally to cure ulcer. 3. Ethnobotanical approaches of traditional medicine studies: Some experiences from Asia, Lev E. Ethno- diversity within current ethono – pharmacology as part of Israeli traditional medicine –A review. Find Medicinal Herbs manufacturers, Medicinal Herbs suppliers, exporters, wholesalers and distributors in Tamil nadu India - List of Medicinal Herbs selling companies from Tamil nadu with catalogs, phone numbers, addresses & prices for Medicinal Herbs. Biodiversity and Conservation  2000; 9: 597-615. Publication date 2016-05-15 Usage Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Topics Sacred groves, Ethno-botany, plant diversity, diseases.IERJ, International Education and Research … Further this can open new visions in medico- botanical systems to find a remedy to uproot incurable diseases. A Manual of Ethnobotany, Scientific publisher Jodhpur 1987. Leaf decoction relieves stomach pain during menses. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2005, 102: 246-255. Jounal of Ethnobiology and ethnomedicine 2006 2:4: (http:// www.ethnobiomed.com /content 2/1/4). Adopting the methods of Jain [28], ethnomedicinal data were collected through general conversations with the informants. Leaf paste is applied externally to heal bone fractures. Phytotherapy Research 2005, 19: 919-923. Paddy is the major crop cultivated in this district followed by groundnuts, sugarcane, cereals, millets and pulses. Lev E: Ethno-diversity within current ethno-pharmacology as part of Israeli traditional medicine – A review. The present study will help us in understanding, how ancient human health of wealth was safeguarded by traditional nutritional and medicinal systems. Google Scholar, Hanazaki N, Tamashiro JY, Leitao-Filho H, Gegossi A: Diversity of plant uses in two Caicaras communities from the Atlantic forest coast, Brazil. This includes 12,499 km2 of dense forests (9.61%) and 8,963 km2 of open forests (6.91%). Jain SK: The role of botanist in folklore research. Sebastian published Medicinal Plants which used as home remedies. 10.1016/j.jep.2004.04.021. Other families with low number are listed below: Amaranthaceae, Anacardiaceae, Boraginaceae, Capparaceae, Liliaceae and Cucurbitaceae (2 species), Aizoaceae, Annonaceae, Araceae, Combretaceae, Convolvulaceae, Cyperaceae, Lauraceae, Lythraceae, Meliaceae, Menispermaceae, Sapindaceae, Rhamnaceae, Poaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Myrtaceae, Moringaceae, Mimosaceae, Sterculiaceae, Violaceae, Vitaceae and Zygophyllaceae (1 species). Actual Ingredients. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 1981, 2: 183-190. The plant specimens were collected during survey and were identified with help of “Flora of Presidency of Madras 11 and Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic 12 . The importance of gathering information on medicinal plants is to initiate their proper scientific management and exploitation for the economic development of the area. MEDICINAL PLANT LEAVES USED BY LOCAL PRACTITIONERS OF COIMBATORE DISTRICT, TAMIL NADU, INDIA, Department of Botany, Avinashilingam Deemed University for Women, Coimbatore -641043, Tamil Nadu, India. In India, it is reported that traditional healers use 2500 plant species and 100 species of plants serve as regular sources of medicine [2]. Leaf decoction is used to eliminate the worms in stomach. 10.1002/ptr.1775. Abu-Rabia A. Urinary diseases and ethnobotany among pastoral nomads in the middle East.Journal of  Ethonobiology and Ethnomedicine 2005 ; 1: 4. Andrographis paniculata, Catharanthus roseus and Gymnema sylvestre were used to treat diabetes by the local traditional healers. Chah KF, Eze CA, Emuelosi CE, Esimone CO: Antibacterial and wound healing properties of methanolic extracts of some Nigerian medicinal plants. Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest state in India with a geographical area of 130058 km2 and lies between 11° 00' to 12° 00' North latitudes and 77° 28' to 78° 50' East longitudes. Jain  S.K. The river Palar is one of the most important rivers running through the district. Acquire knowledge about the active During the course of the study, four field trips were carried out in the study area totaling 40 days. We also thank Botanical Survey of India (BSI), Southern Circle, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu (India) for permitting to confirm the identified plant specimens with herbaria. Local traditional healers are commonly using the following plants to treat more number of diseases. Leaf juice is taken orally to reduce body heat. 10.1002/ptr.1098. A few medicinal plants grown in Tamil Nadu were proven to be efficacious for the management of type 2 diabetes. J Ethnopharmacol. Google Scholar. PDF | On Sep 6, 2014, Pholtan Rajeev. Biodiversity ands Conservation 2000, 9: 597-615. Pei SJ: Ethnobotanical approaches of traditional medicine srudies: Some experiences from Asia. Of many plant species traditionally used by the villagers, 59 plant species belonging to 53 genera from 28 families of medicinally important plants were identified and their uses are described. Traditional healers of Kancheepuram district used nine plant species to treat stomach problems (three plants to treat stomachache and six plants to cure digestive problems). medicinal plants and their uses: a study of twelve sacred groves in cuddalore and villupuram districts, tamil nadu, india Sacred groves are a small area of forest protected by the local people. 10.1016/S0378-8741(00)00274-9, Kala CP: Ethnomedicinal botany of the Apatani in the Eastern Himalayan region of India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2006, 104: 164-167. Google Scholar. rhus succedenea - கர்க்கடசிங்கி . Leaves are boiled in water and the vapor inhaled to relief   severe head ache and cold. 6:15. July 25 2019 january 25 2020 author. Tamil Nadu Forest Department, Government of India, Chennai 2004. US Environmental protection Agency, Washington, D.C.; 1991. Pei S.J. DOI: 10.1016/S2221-1691(12)60201-9 Corpus ID: 72233987. Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Chennai, 600 034, India, Chellaiah Muthu, Muniappan Ayyanar & Savarimuthu Ignacimuthu, Department of Applied Biology, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia, You can also search for this author in Aerva Lanata is a popular plant in Tamil Nadu that goes by the name Sirupeelai in Tamil. J Ethnobiology Ethnomedicine 2, 43 (2006). statement and rhaphidophora pertusa - ஆனைப்பிரண்டை . They are: Vitex negundo, Wedelia calendulacea, Ocimum gratissimum, Cynodon dactylon, Solanum nigrum, Azadirachta indica, Pongamia pinnata, Aristolochia indica, Solanum trilobatum, Adhatoda vasica, Phyllanthus emblica, Ocimum sanctum, Murraya koenigii, Ficus benghalensis and Cassia auriculata. 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